Hawaiian Creation Stories: Occupation and Resistance
In this lesson, students will explore Hawaiian creation stories through multiple sources and interrogate the perspectives that influence a Western interpretation of the story.
Time: 2 hours
Lesson Author: César Cázares (Teacher Advisory Panel)
By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:
- Discuss key features of the Kumulipo.
- Discuss the role of the Kumulipo as a tool for preserving identity and culture for Indigenous Hawaiians.
- Identify ways in which Western interpretations change Hawaiian myths.
By the end of this lesson, students will know:
- The Kumulipo is a genealogical chant connecting back to the origins of everything and describing the interconnectedness of all things.
- After the illegal overthrow of the Hawaiian government, Hawaiians continued to recite the Kumulipo, keeping their powerful cultural heritage alive in the face of military occupation.
- Hawai‘i has a long history of interacting with Western nations, including as a sovereign nation, a United States territory, and a U.S. state.
History–Social Science Content Standards
- HSS.9–12. Historical Research, Evidence, and Point of View. 2. Students identify bias and prejudice in historical interpretations.
Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.1. Reading. Key Ideas and Details. Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.7. Reading. Integration of Knowledge and Ideas. Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.
Social Justice Standards
- Diversity 8. Students will respectfully express curiosity about the history and lived experiences of others and will exchange ideas and beliefs in an open-minded way.